The following list is a set of acronyms used throughout the Snap! Websites. If you find an acronym that is not defined here, please, let us know by sending us a message.
America On Line is an Internet service provider. They generally go by AOL and not their full name.
Central Processing Unit is considered the core of a computer, which in a way it is because it does all the work of coordination, but without all the other devices it wouldn't be much... The CPU executes instructions and outputs the results.
Denial of Service is a method by which hackers sends so many requests to your web server that it cannot serve legitimate users. The term is often used when too many users come visit your site at once, even though it is not an attack per se.
A Digital Subscriber Line is a method used to connect to the internet. It uses regular copper phone lines to transmit information from your computer to your ISP and vice versa. The system supports very high debit in comparison to a standard modem using analog signals.
Digital Signal Processors are used to process audio, video and any other data in real time. Today, it is often replace by FPGA systems which are programmable hardware devices.
The Hyper Text Markup Language is primarily used to create websites and help files. Although more and more software make use of HTML to create their Graphical User Interface (GUI).
The Hyper Text Transfer Protocol was created to transfer data between a browser and a web server. It is now used for many other things such as remote source code control systems and specialized servers such as music or video streaming systems.
The Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure was created to securely transfer data between a browser and a web server. It is now used for many other things such as sending credit card information over the Internet or sending a fax securely. The HTTPS protocol is the HTTP protocol tunneled through an Secure Socket Layer (SSL) connection made between two computers.
Integrated Drive Electronics is a standard electronic interface used to communicate between a device (generally a computer) and a drive.
An Internet Service Provider is a company that offers you an Internet connection. There are very specialized services such as AOL and broader such as phone companies.
MP3 is an abbreviation of MPEG Audio Layer III. Although MPEG is a scheme to compress Video (MPEG stands for Motion Pictures Expert Group) the algorithms also included audio in the output files and thus the Audio part of an MPEG movie is call MPEG Audio. They have 4 layers, of which MP3 is the most used.
Random Access Memory is what your computer uses to run software and manage your data while working. RAM is volatile meaning that when you turn off your computer, it does not maintain its state meaning that all of that data is lost.
Read Only Memory is generally used in devices to initialize them and in some to include the programs to run the device functionality. Computers use a ROM to boot your system, that means initializing the computer and then load a program from a disk and run that program.
Really Simple Syndication is an Internet technology allowing everyone to share their content through a link. Users can aggregate the content in their mail system and other desktop software or their website.
Serial Advanced Technology Attachment is an electronic interface used between devices (such as a computer) and drives. It is based on the ATA protocol.
Search Engine Optimization is the work that web maestros do for your website to receive traffic from search engines, also called Organic Traffic (opposed to advertising or links from other websites.) This website talks a lot about SEO techniques that can be applied to increase your website search-ability.
Search Engine Result Page, the result of a search in a search engine.
The Secure Socket Layer is a protocol used to transfer encrypted data between computers. The encryption uses a mechanism requiring a private and a public key. Only the user with the private key can decrypt a message sent by a user who has the public key. Note that your SSL key is only used to establish the connection to a server. Once the connection is establish, the SSL protocol generally generates a new pair of key to process all the transfers. Note that new keys are necessary to transfer data back to the originator.
Uninterruptible Power Supply is a battery you install between you power socket and your computer. It is used to give you time to save your data before turning off your computer in the event of a long lasting black out.
Unified Resource Locator or address of content on the Internet or your Intranet (i.e. your computer network.) Each URL uniquely defines a pointer to some content. Note that most everyone uses URL instead of URI (the correct name for the full address of the content is the concatenation of the URL and the URN and that gives you a URI.) We most often use URL improperly ourselves.
The term Cross Site Scripting is used when a server can send a program to a user, program which can get executed on the end user computer. Severs do that all the time, but if a hacker gains access to such a capability, then he will do so for the purpose of gaining information from the client's computer (such as a password, credit card number, etc.)